Copyright Limitations and Exceptions: from access to research to transformative use

Saturday, April 12, 2008
Duke Law School, Durham, North Carolina

This international workshop focused on the introduction of new - and the use of old - flexibilities in the copyright system in order to promote greater access to scientific and scholarly knowledge, particularly in the digital environment. It will also explore ways to foster creative or "transformative" uses of digital content.

The workshop, open to the public, was presented by the Center for the Study of the Public Domain, with support from the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation. Please address any questions about the event to the Center for the Study of the Public Domain at


  • 9:00am-9:15am
    Introduction: the importance of copyright limitations and exceptions in fulfilling the goals of the system
  • 9:15am-10:45am
    Panel 1: Access to Scholarly Literature: a worldwide web for science, policies and tools for ensuring access to scholarship, the future of open access, open educational resources
  • 11:00am-12:30pm
    Panel 2: Scientific Data and the Copyright/IP Connection: building a research "commons" for data, open and collaborative scientific research, the Science Commons protocol
  • 1:30pm-3:00pm
    Panel 3: Limitations and Exceptions to Promote Access to Knowledge: orphan works, digital libraries, implementing limitations and exceptions internationally
  • 3:15pm-4:15pm
    Panel 4: Transformative Use: safeguarding and fostering creative reuses of digital content


  • James Boyle, William Neal Reynolds Professor of Law, Duke Law School - co-founder, Center for the Study of the Public Domain.
  • Michael Carroll, Professor of Law, Villanova Law School - expert in open access to scholarly literature, author of the SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) Author's Addendum and recent white paper on complying with the NIH Public Access Policy.
  • Leonardo Cervera-Navas, Administrator, Copyright unit of the Internal Market department (DG MARKT), European Commission.
  • Javier Hernandez-Ros, Head of the Public Sector Information and Digital Libraries unit of the Information Society and Media department (DG INFSO), European Commission - coordinator of the European Digital Libraries Initiative and official responsible for the implementation of the Public Sector Information Directive.
  • Bernt Hugenholtz, Professor of Intellectual Property Law and Director of the Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam - co-author of "Conceiving an International Instrument on Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright", "The Recasting of Copyright & Related Rights for the Knowledge Economy", and a comprehensive study of the implementation and effects of the EUCD.
  • Jennifer Jenkins, Director of the Center for the Study of the Public Domain, Duke Law School - expert on digital copyright and transformative use.
  • Ruth Okediji, William L. Prosser Professor of Law, University of Minnesota Law School - leading authority on international IP law and co-author of "Conceiving an International Instrument on Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright."
  • Arti Rai, Professor of Law, Duke Law School - leading expert in open and collaborative scientific research in areas ranging from synthetic biology to drug development.
  • Jerome Reichman, Bunyan S. Womble Professor of Law, Duke Law School - expert in international IP law whose scholarship deals with access to knowledge, data sharing, and how to design a scientific research commons.
  • Prodromos Tsiavos, Co-Lead, Creative Commons England and Wales Legal Project and post-doctoral fellow at the London School of Economics.
  • John Wilbanks, Vice President & Executive Director, Science Commons - expert in building a "semantic web" for science, previously a fellow at the World Wide Web Consortium in Semantic Web for Life Sciences, and founder of Incellico, Inc., a semantic database company.